Glucose is a carbohydrate of a simple sugar category, whose chemical formula is C6H12O6. It is a monosaccharide (simple carbohydrate), which is also a molecule of a -CHO group, hence it is also called Aldehexose.
HEXOS stands for carbohydrate with six carbon molecules, and if the aldehyde group is added to one end of the hexose, then it is called the AldohexOS.
Chemical formula and structure of glucose
The chemical formula for glucose is C6H12O6.
Glucose contains four odd molecules of carbon, besides the aldehyde group’s molecule at one end of the glucose and a primary (primary) molecule of the alcohol group is on the other end, the other four carbon molecules are called Secondary Alcohol Atom. .
Glucose is called pantahidroxy aldehyde due to the addition of a primary alcohol group and four secondary alcoholic group with the order of an aldehydrate group. The properties of aldehyde, primary and secondary alcohol are found in glucose due to the pentahidroxy aldehyde being called.
(Glucose Structure corresponding to Fisher Model)
How to get glucose
Due to the source of energy in most living beings, all creatures transit the conversion of their food into glucose during digestion. Glucose can also be made from other methods.
1. From sugarcane juice (from sucrose) [Laboratory method]
When on the sugarcane juice, when hydrolysis is processed in conjunction with the Dellute Hydrochloric Acid or Sulphuric Acid, then glucose and fructose are obtained at the end of the reaction.
Alcohol is mixed with the mixture of glucose and fructose obtained at the end of the reaction to isolate the glucose. Because fructose melts completely in alcohol, but does not glucose melts, glucose is then removed and removed from alcohol.
2. [Commercial Method from Starch]
When on the starch of daluit Sulphuric acid, hydrolysis is reacted at the temperature of 393 kelvin, then glucose is obtained at the end of the reaction.
To neutralize sulphuric acid, hydrolysis is added to the chalk powder prepared mixture after reaction. Activated carbon is used to separate other substances from glucose.
Importance of glucose in biology
Glucose is used by every living creature as a major source of energy. Everyone from bacteria to humans produces energy from glucose using aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration or fermentation (bacteria, thus using energy, using energy). And use the built energy for their daily work.
Glucose is a major means of energy for the human body. Through pneumatic respiration, the human body receives 3.75 kilocalories (16 kilojoules) from the grams per grain. The main part of the food we eat is carbohydrates, during the digestion, the disruption of food occurs in monosaccharides and dysaccharides. Ready sikarides are mostly glucose.
Glycosis and citric acid cycles are the result of glucose in carbon dioxide and water due to oxidative phosphorylation reactions. During these reactions to glucose, the prepared energy is stored in ATP.
The amount of glucose in the human body is controlled by insulin. The energy needed for the implementation of our brain meets glucose. With the decrease in the amount of glucose in the body, the brain has to do more labor in performing all the necessary activities.
Having low levels of glucose in the body can lead to self-control, difficulty in decision-making, dizziness, such problems can occur. If the amount of glucose is increased in the body then conditions like diabetes can be born. In such a situation, a doctor has to check the blood.