Glaucoma (black glaucoma) is often called “silence thief of sight”, because in most of the types there is usually no pain and no symptoms occur until noticeable sight loss occurs.
For this reason, glaucoma (black glaucoma) often grows in undetermined form unless the optic nerve has already been damaged in an irreversible form.
What is glaucoma (black glaucoma)?
Glaucoma (black glaucoma) is a group of related ophthalmic disorders that harm the optic nerves, which transmits information from the eye to the brain.
In most cases, glaucoma (black glaucoma) is associated with high-to-normal pressure (pressure) inside the eye – in a condition called ocular hypertension. But this can also happen when the intracellular pressure (IOP) is normal. If untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma (black glaucoma) first causes peripheral vision (peripheral vision) and may eventually lead to blindness (bleeding).
Glaucoma (black glaucoma) is the second leading cause of blindness around the world (behind cataract, which is the first cause)
Types of glaucoma (black glaucoma):
There are two major categories of glaucoma (black glaucoma): Open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and Closed-angle glaucoma (ACG). In both cases “angle” refers to the drainage angle inside the eye which controls the aquatic fluid which is constantly being born inside the eye.
If it can reach the aqueous extraction angle, then glaucoma (black glaucoma) is known as open-angle glaucoma. If the drainage angle is blocked and the aqueous liquid (aquas) can not reach it, glaucoma (black glaucoma) is known as closed-angle glaucoma.
Symptoms of glaucoma (black glaucoma):
In most types of glaucoma, there is usually no pain and no symptoms occur until noticeable sight loss, but with closed-angle glaucoma, a person experiences sudden symptoms – such as dim vision, light Around the halo, feeling pain in the eyes, nausea and vomiting
If you have these symptoms, show an eye doctor so that your eyes can be treated to stop the loss of permanent vision.
Diagnosis, screening and testing for glaucoma (black glaucoma):
During regular eye examinations, a tonometer is used to measure your intra-ocular pressure, or IOP. Your eye is usually numbed with a tipical eye drop, and a small probe, slowly stays on the surface of the eyes. Other tonometer leaves like a gust of air on your eye surface.
An unusually high IOP reading indicates a problem with the amount of fluid in the eye. Either the eye is producing too much fluid, or it is not able to get out properly.
Generally, the IOP should be below 21 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) – a unit of measurement based on how much force is within a defined defined area.
If your IOP is more than 30 mmHg, the risk of loss of sight from glaucoma (black glaucoma) is 40 times higher than that of 15 mmHg or less intraocular pressure. This is the reason that eye drops like treatment of glaucoma (black glaucoma) are designed to keep IOP low.
Other ways of monitoring glaucoma (black glaucoma) include the use of sophisticated imaging techniques to build basic diagrams and eye-optic nerve and measurement of internal structures.
Then, at the specified interval, extra pictures and measures are taken to ensure that there is no change which can indicate damage caused by progressive glaucoma (black glaucoma).
Treatment of glaucoma (black glaucoma):
Treatment of glaucoma (black glaucoma) may involve surgery, laser treatment or medication on the basis of severity. In order to reduce IOP, the drop with the drug is usually tried first to control glaucoma (black glaucoma).
Because glaucoma (black glaucoma) does not often cause pain, many people become careless about the strict use of eye drops so they can control eye pressure and help prevent permanent eye damage.
In fact, not using properly prescribed medicines of glaucoma (black glaucoma) is a major cause of visual impairment due to glaucoma (black glaucoma).
If you find that the diapers you are using for glaucoma (black glaucoma), and you feel that it is uncomfortable or uncomfortable, consult your ophthalmologist first about any possible alternative medicine. Never close those eye drops without doing it.
Exercise may reduce the risk of glaucoma (black glaucoma):
Can you reduce the risk of glaucoma (black glaucoma)? According to a recent European study, if some people are developing glaucoma (black glaucoma) disease then this possibility decreases with exercise because it helps to improve blood flow to your body and your eyes.
Apart from regular exercise and an active lifestyle, you can reduce your risk for glaucoma (black glaucoma) by not smoking, maintaining your healthy weight and eating a variety of healthy foods.